This study is one of a series of regional studies which aim to present
evidence of the interactions between environmental, social, political
and economic risks at the local level in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and
Pakistan. Drawing on field-research and consultations with
policy-makers, practitioners and academics, this case study seeks to
identify obstacles to and opportunities for interventions to build
resilience to interlinked environmental and security risks in fragile,
post-conflict contexts in Nepal. The case study compares Rolpa, a
district which is characterised by high vulnerability to drought and
landslides, with Dang and Banke, which face ow/moderate exposure to
climate change, to identify the different dimensions of resilience in
these varying districts.
In order to understand local resilience, the case study aims to address
two key questions:
1. What are the root causes of vulnerability (to climate and conflict
2. How can external adaptation interventions (by the state or
international institutions) address these root causes of vulnerability?
Findings from this study point to the following as key priority areas to
• Stronger communication between capital and local leaders to ensure
greater awareness and effective implementation of national climate
change plans and policies at the local level;
• Stronger local fund management mechanisms to ensure effectiveness of
resilience building initiatives;
• Planning for how best to manage future migration in a peaceful way;
• Promoting an enabling environment for climate-sensitive business,
where the private sector can play a key role in building resilience by
promoting alternative climate-resilient livelihoods.
Pandey, N.; Vivekananda, J. Strengthening responses to climate variability in south Asia. Discussion paper: Nepal. International Alert, (2013) 44 pp.
Strengthening responses to climate variability in south Asia. Discussion paper: Nepal