Private standards are set by the food producing industry and retailers, mainly to assure food safety and good agricultural practice. However their proliferation is a major concern in developing countries where these standards are regarded as too expensive for smallholders to comply with. So what really are the benefits and costs of private standards for small-scale producers? This publication presents state-of-the-art research and analysis to explore the issues surrounding smallholders, private standards, and exports from Africa. It is built upon a workshop held in London in 2008 organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Natural Resources Institute (NRI). 'Standard bearers' looks at actual evidence of smallholder exclusion and the costs and benefits of inclusion in demanding export markets. It also explores opportunities to adapt requirements and develop approaches with lower costs to make private standards more beneficial to, and inclusive of, small-scale growers.
This book is the final output from the project, and includes all the 'Fresh Perspectives' briefing papers.
International Institute for Environment and Development (UK), ISBN: 978-1-84369-710-7, 177 pp.
Standard bearers: Horticultural exports and private standards in Africa.