Identify literature on the effectiveness of stakeholders in managing natural resources so as to achieve development outcomes. Where possible, identify which stakeholders are most important, what their incentives are, what conditions enable their efforts, and the importance of capability, accountability and responsiveness.
Countries that are rich in natural resources, both renewable resources such as forests and fisheries, and non-renewable resources such as oil and minerals, have not produced more positive development outcomes than non-resource rich countries. To improve development outcomes and avert several types of harmful effects – often grouped together and termed the ‘resource curse’ – there have been a number of initiatives to improve resource governance. This report provides a brief overview of the available literature which examines and evaluates these governance initiatives, as well as the literature which explores stakeholders, their incentives and other enabling factors which can lead to the governance of natural resources for positive developmental outcomes.
Rao, S. Stakeholder effectiveness in natural resource management (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 1043). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2013) 12 pp.