Independent studies of non-State social protection services in 6 African countries unanimously conclude that informal systems based on mutual trust often achieve equal or more effective governance than highly regulated operations. The research concludes that Policy should focus on improving informal governance mechanisms built on mutual help, and “trust” the people to identify and use the benefits wisely – accountably, transparently, responsively, democratically and effectively.
Partnership for African Social and Governance Research. Social Protection: Governance: Trust Traditions Work Well in a Modern World. PASGR Policy Brief 3. (2014) 1 pp.