In recent years, increased demand and massive expansion have brought into Indian schools huge numbers of children who might not have attended in the past. Still, large numbers, and specific groups, of children remain excluded from schooling for various reasons, jeopardizing equitable access to elementary education. Further accentuating this inequity in provision, the quality of education remains deeply unsatisfactory, particularly for children from disadvantaged groups. This article explores the dimensions and issues related to exclusion from education and the policies and actions required to make educational expansion more equitable, which would contribute to pluralism and harmony and promote greater social cohesion.
The article is based on the CREATE monograph ' Access to primary education in India: Country analytical review'.
Rangachar Govinda; Madhumita Bandyopadhyay. Social exclusion and school participation in India: Expanding access with equity. Prospects (2010) 40 (3) 337-354. [DOI: 10.1007/s11125-010-9160-8]