Smoke, health and household energy. Volume 2: Researching pathways to scaling up sustainable and effective kitchen smoke alleviation


The second phase of the project had the goal to reduce child mortality. The approach taken has been to use the change (reduction) in IAP levels as the main indicator of expected impact on child health, by relating measured reductions in pollution to the best available and emerging evidence on the association between exposure levels and incidence of pneumonia. This indicated that if interventions were introduced into 25% of households such as those in the study, the number of cases of pneumonia could be reduced annually by between 150-300 in Kenya and Nepal, and around 100 in Sudan in populations ranging from around 63 000 in Kenya, 45 000 in Nepal, and 79 000 in Sudan. In Sudan this impact is indicated despite the numbers of households using charcoal the time of the study. As well as pneumonia, substantial reductions in other health problems were reported in all three countries, particularly in Kenya and Nepal.
There are 4 Annexes to this report
Annex 1: Questionnaires
Annex 2: Market surveys
Annex 3: Cost benefit analysis
Annex 4: Project publications and presentations


Practical Action Report, 150 pp.[Annex 1, 48 pp.; Annex 2, 12 pp.; Annex 3, 6 pp.; Annex 4, 7 pp.]

Published 1 January 2007