Skills training (often referred to as TVET – technical and vocational education and training) is now regarded as a main factor for economic growth and social development, and as such, has grown in importance for governments and donor agencies.
What makes these interventions different from previous support for skills training, is the strong emphasis on the role of the private sector. It is now widely accepted that governments alone cannot meet the demand for training and that the resources of the private sector need to be utilised. In developed countries getting that buy-in can be challenging. In developing countries, where the formal employment sector is not large, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) predominate, and companies are often wary of working with the government, making the challenges even greater.
Skills provision and private sector demand can be broken down into 5 discrete areas, each of which can be an intervention on its own, or all of which can be wrapped up into a single programme:
understanding employers’ needs
supplying the techncial skills which employers need
supplying the employability skills which employers need
bridging the gap between supply and demand
engaging employers in the provision of training
This pack provides readings for each of these 5 areas.
Dunbar, M.; Skills provision and private sector demand. Health and Education Advice and Resource Team (HEART), Oxford, UK (2016) 4p