This is one of 280 summaries describing key outputs from the projects
run by DFID's 10-year Renewable Natural Resources Research Strategy
Summary for Project title: R7151: Overcoming information constraints:
improving horticultural marketing and technical information flows to
For many producers, participation in sub-Saharan Africa's market
systems means taking on high marketing risks and transaction costs.
Studies in Ghana, Tanzania and Zimbabwe have helped to clarify the
causes behind these costs and develop solutions to them. The solutions
include long-term contractual relationships, which help align incentives
and motivate market participants to share information. Written
buyer-seller contracts offer several advantages over verbal agreements.
First, they reduce uncertainty by specifying the terms of agreement.
Second, the adoption of written agreements boosts the emergence of
informal economic institutions, creating trust between buyers and
sellers. The set of recommendations also includes improvements in the
coordination functions of local government. These guidelines can
contribute to pro-poor institutional innovation in other countries.
The CD has the following information for this output: Description,
Validation, Current Situation, Current Promotion, Impacts On Poverty,
Environmental Impact. Attached PDF (9 pp.) taken from the CD.
CPH09, New technologies, new processes, new policies: tried-and-tested and ready-to-use results from DFID-funded research, Research Into Use Programme, Aylesford, Kent, UK, ISBN 978-0-9552595-6-2, p 87.