Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify sexually
transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, assess behavioral and symptom
correlates, and develop intervention strategies.
Goal: The goal of this study was to conduct one of the first
community-based surveys of STI prevalence and risk behaviors among
married men in India.
Study Design: In 2003, 2,408 randomly selected married men, aged 21 to
40 years, were administered a survey instrument with urine and blood
samples collected from a random subset of 641.
Results: The most common current STI was gonorrhea (3.9%) with 6.1% of
men being positive for an acute STI and 9.7% antibody-positive for
Treponema pallidum or herpes simplex virus type 2. Risk behaviors were
not associated with laboratory confirmed STIs, but did show an
association with men's concerns about sexual performance derived from
traditional Indian systems of medicine.
Conclusion: Culturally based symptoms can serve as effective markers for
men involved in risky sexual behaviors and provide an opportunity to
engage these men as they seek care for these symptoms at community-based
Schensul, S.; Hawkes, S.; Saggurti, N.; Narvekar, S.; Joseph, A.; Risbud, A.; Burleson, J. Sexually transmitted infections in men in Mumbai slum communities: the relationship of prevalence to risk behaviour. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (2007) 34 (7) 444-50.