This document is designed to provide broad guidance on how best to ensure that initiatives to strengthen research capacity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) yield the maximum possible benefit. It focuses on health, but it is hoped that it will be useful more widely. Four case studies are described. The guidance has been broken down into seven principles: (1) Network, collaborate, communicate and share experiences; (2) Understand the local context and accurately evaluate existing research capacity; (3) Ensure local ownership and secure active support; (4) Build in monitoring, evaluation and learning from the start; (5) Establish robust research governance and support structures, and promote effective leadership; (6) Embed strong support, supervision and mentorship structures; (7) Think long-term, be flexible and plan for continuity.
ESSENCE on Health Research. Seven principles for strengthening research capacity in low- and middle-income countries: simple ideas in a complex world. ESSENCE on Health Research, Geneva, Switzerland (2014) 31 pp. [ESSENCE Good practice document series. TDR/ESSENCE/2.14.]