Screening foreign-born groups with high rates of tuberculosis may help to ensure that they can benefit from early treatment and minimise onward transmission. In January 2003, we surveyed new entrant screening programmes in Europe. Of the 26 countries from whom a response was received, 13 (50%) conducted no specific tuberculosis screening. Of 13 countries with programmes, none conducted pre-entry screening, three conducted screening at ports of entry, and nine screened in other centres. All 13 principally screened refugees. All programmes used chest X-rays as a screening tool, but no two countries took the same specific clinical approach.
Coker, R.J.; Bell, A.; Pitman, R.; Hayward, A.; Watson, J. Screening programmes for tuberculosis in new entrants across Europe. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (2004) 8 (8) 1022-1026.