This paper provides an overview of the evidence on the impacts of social
protection in developing country contexts with a view to developing a
future research agenda on social protection in low income countries. The
paper summarises the evidence on the impacts of social protection on
poverty reduction, human development, economic growth and social
justice. The paper reviews both the published and ‘grey’ literature in
this field as well as interviews and email correspondence with relevant
DFID staff and UK academics specialising in this field.
Section 1 of the paper traces the emergence of social protection as an
important concern within the international policy agenda and discusses
how DFID’s thinking has evolved in relation to the wider development
community. Section 2 compiles the evidence on the impacts of social
protection on the lives of poor individuals, households and communities
in developing country contexts under four broad categories relevant to
DFID policy: poverty reduction, human development, economic growth and
social justice. Section 3 discusses what these findings tell us about
the underlying factors that help to explain the achievements and
limitations of social protection interventions in the field. Finally,
Section 4 uses this discussion to outline a future research and policy
influencing agenda for DFID.
DFID Research and Evidence Division, DFID, London, UK, 58 pp.