The aim of this scoping study is to support DFID and partner efforts to enhance overall business
performance in low income and emerging countries through contributing to the efficacy of business
environment reform (BER) efforts. Existing evidence suggests important gender differences in formal
enterprises. In the vast majority of countries surveyed, women’s businesses are fewer in number,
smaller in size and concentrated in less capital and asset intensive sectors, compared to men’s
businesses. In some regions, they are also weaker in certain dimensions of performance.
This research is part of the Business Environment for Economic Development programme.
Joekes S and Kaminski J (2017), Scoping Study on Gender Differences in Enterprise Surveys, Business Environment Reform Facility