Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an approach for developing agricultural strategies to secure sustainable food security under climate change. CSA has 3 inter-related objectives, where the first two objectives are emphasised in low-income situations:
Food security: sustainably increasing crop yields and productivity and improving farmer incomes;
Improving adaptation and building farmers’ resilience to climate change; and
Improving mitigation (when and where possible): reducing and/or removing greenhouse gas emissions.
The goal of Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) is to ensure that ecosystems are conserved and managed more sustainably, in ways that alleviate poverty and enhance wellbeing. ESPA is concerned that CSA is developed in an equitable way that helps all people to move out of poverty. Comparing ten ESPA projects that focus on agriculture – of which two directly focus on CSA – provides some insight into the opportunities and challenges for scaling up CSA. This synthesis outlines the ESPA evidence from these 10 projects, interpreting the findings and implications within the frame of CSA, as well as priorities of the Ecosystem-Based Adaptation for Food Security Assembly
Schaafsma, M., Bell, A (2018) Scaling up climate-smart agriculture: Lessons from ESPA research. EPSA Working paper 6
Published 28 February 2018