This response to a DEWPoint helpdesk enquiry provides an overview of experience from other regions of improved sanitation for poor communities living above lakes/sea. Examples given include: communal toilets, cesspools, septic tanks, composting toilets, bucket latrines, small bore sewer system and the shallow sewer system, pit latrines, overhung latrines. Brief descriptions of the technologies are given together with notes on the advantages and problems encountered. Other considerations for facility construction in low-income communities located on coastal, waterfront and low-lying areas are listed.
This report was produced by DEW Point, a Resource Centre for Environment, Water and Sanitation, that was funded by DFID and managed by a consortium of companies led by Harewelle International Limited. The Resource Centre closed in 2012.
Cavill, S. Sanitation systems for Indonesian urban slums. Final Report, September 2008. DEW Point, Blisworth, UK (2008) 12 pp.