This note is concerned with sanitation policy, what it is, why it is important and what can be done to ensure that it is relevant and can be effectively implemented. It draws directly on research work carried out in Nepal and Ghana and indirectly on experience from several other countries.
Improved sanitation can contribute both directly and indirectly to the Millennium Development Goals, but this contribution is unlikely to be achieved in the absence of appropriate sanitation policies - which help to provide the overall framework within which change and improvement can take place.
Sanitation policy is more likely to have an impact if it stands alone rather than forming part of a combined water and sanitation policy. However, policy can only make a difference if governments want it and are prepared to implement it.
With this in mind, this note provides guidance on generating support for policy improvements and ensuring that policy leads to action.
Briefing Note, Loughborough, UK: WEDC, 8 pp.