The objectives of this paper are to identify how market failures affect the ability to extend appropriate and sustainable sanitation services alongside the entire sanitation value chain. The paper examines in turn three main market segments alongside the sanitation value chain, starting with markets for providing ‘access’ to sanitation (collection services), markets for transport and treatment activities and finally, markets for reuse services. The paper concludes with recommendations to policy-makers on what to do based on what we know and to researchers on areas for future research in the developing area of ‘sanitation economics’.
Trémolet, S. Sanitation Markets Pathfinder Paper. Using economics to improve the delivery of services along the sanitation value chain. (2012) 68 pp.