Sampling strategies for proper quantification of carotenoid content in cassava breeding.
Rapid-cycling recurrent selection has been implemented to produce cassava varieties that deliver provitamin A carotenoids to human populations that are affected by vitamin A deficiency. Rapid-cycling selection relies on quantification in just one plant per genotype. This study was conducted to assess the reliability of single-plant evaluations and the effect of age of the plant on carotenoid content in cassava roots. Variation in aliquot quantifications from the same root was negligible indicating a reliable experimental procedure. A large source of variation for carotenoids was due to differences among genotypes. Root-to-root variation from the same plant in some cases was surprisingly high and accounted for an average of 25% of the total variation. Plant-to-plant variation was not as high and accounted for 20% of the total variance. Carotenoid content was shown to vary depending on the age of the plant. Single-plant evaluations for carotenoid content in cassava, which is a requirement for rapid-cycling recurrent selection is acceptable considering that it reduces in half the time required for evaluation and selection. However, it is suggested that 2 to 3 roots per plant be combined together in a sample to represent each genotype at a standard plant age.
Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science (2011) 3 (1) 14-23