Adult Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks were fed as three sequential infestations on both rabbits and cattle. The feedings at first infestation on naive hosts were optimum for the ticks, whereas at third infestation the hosts were resistant, as expressed by reduced tick feeding performance. Ticks from naive and resistant hosts were examined for histological differences of salivary glands. In ticks fed on resistant rabbits there was a large increase in the synthesis of glycoprotein secretory granules in thec 1 cells compared with ticks fed on naive rabbits. In ticks fed on naive and resistant cattle, the activity of thec 1 cells was less than in ticks fed on naive and resistant rabbits. It was concluded that the salivary glands are able to respond selectively to conditions at the feeding site, and that this may be advantageous to the tick.
Walker, A.R.; Fletcher, J.D. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus feeding on rabbits and cattle: Salivary-gland responses to varying host resistance. Experimental and Applied Acarology (1990) 8 (4) 285-290. [DOI: 10.1007/BF01202138]