Since 2011, there has been a significant increase in the number of conflicts, forced displacements and individuals killed, particularly in Middle Income Countries, due to continued insecurity in the Middle East. This has led to questions over whether current conflicts are new complex crises, or the re-emergence of historic tensions.
The event at Wilton Park facilitated discussions between aid workers, diplomats and researchers from Afghanistan, South Sudan, Somalia and the Middle East, as well drawing on work by the World Bank, Department for International Development (DFID), UN, SLRC, the Justice and Security Research (Programme (JSRP) and the Political Settlements Research Programme (PSRP). It raised questions in response to the recent spike in conflicts and practical alternatives for future approaches.
Key recommendations include:
Developing appropriate aid modalities, with a particular focus on managing expectations and planning over the longer term, as aid work does not automatically result in greater stability.
Prioritising prevention, maintaining adaptable programmes and taking the political and sub-national actors seriously to avoid creating regional and international disorder.
Giving due consideration to conflict drivers beyond the state or aid architecture, particularly the impact of identity, economics and geopolitics.
This research was funded under the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) programme
Mallett, R. Mansour-Ille, D. and Morris, C. (2017) Rethinking state-building, fragility and conflict. London: Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium.