What are the links between natural resources and violent conflict? How do formal, informal, and ‘hybrid’ governance arrangements shape those links? What is the impact on the position of conflict-affected populations of these arrangements? This paper conducts a systematic review of the evidence base of peer-reviewed and ‘grey’ literature on resource governance in conflict-affected areas. It finds limited consensus on how to approach and conceptualise resource-related issues in conflict-affected areas. Many of the existing theories rely on normative assumptions and lack empirical support. Three areas are highlighted as demanding further research: hybrid resource governance, rebel resource governance, and the position and strategies of conflict-affected populations.
Cuvelier, J.; Vlassenroot, K. Resources, Conflict and Governance: a critical review of the evidence. Justice and Security Research Programme, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), London, UK (2013) 28 pp. [JSRP Research Paper 9]