Resources, Conflict and Governance: a critical review of the evidence

Abstract

What are the links between natural resources and violent conflict? How do formal, informal, and ‘hybrid’ governance arrangements shape those links? What is the impact on the position of conflict-affected populations of these arrangements? This paper conducts a systematic review of the evidence base of peer-reviewed and ‘grey’ literature on resource governance in conflict-affected areas. It finds limited consensus on how to approach and conceptualise resource-related issues in conflict-affected areas. Many of the existing theories rely on normative assumptions and lack empirical support. Three areas are highlighted as demanding further research: hybrid resource governance, rebel resource governance, and the position and strategies of conflict-affected populations.

Citation

Cuvelier, J.; Vlassenroot, K. Resources, Conflict and Governance: a critical review of the evidence. Justice and Security Research Programme, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), London, UK (2013) 28 pp. [JSRP Research Paper 9]

Resources, Conflict and Governance: a critical review of the evidence

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