This paper introduces this mini-series on vertical equity in health care. It reflects on the fact that by and large equity policies in health care have failed and that there is a need for positive discrimination to promote equity better in future. This positive discrimination is examined under the heading of`vertical equity'. The paper considers Varian's notion of `envy' as a basis for equity in health care but concludes that this is not a helpful route to go down.
Health Care Analysis (2000) 8 (3) 217-233 [10.1023/A:1009439917796]