This report assesses the process of land registration in peri-urban areas and its outcomes for poor and marginalised groups. The research shows that there is little awareness of land registration processes on the part of low-income groups. The 'individual' registration process is slow and bureaucratic with high transaction costs and corrupt practices on the part of state institutions. Unlike the case of rural land, specific regulations governing the use of urban land are not yet in place. Some farmer associations have used community registration processes to secure their land rights but high levels of organisation and persistence are required to do so. Individual registration is beyond the means of low-income households and mainly serves high income, well connected groups and private companies. This situation is exacerbated by active informal land markets which are transforming peri-urban land use. There are real concerns that farmers, and low-income groups in general, may be losing access to land through registration processes which favour applicants who are well-connected and wealthy. Regulations governing urban land, the simplification and dissemination of registration procedures and improved governance are required for land registration to serve the majority.
Research Report 7. Land Registration in Maputo and Matola Cities, Mozambique, International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK, ISBN: 1 84369 580 4, 28 pp.