Reports on sustainable flood mitigation pilot studies: Carre near Xai Xai, Mozambique.
This report describes the development of a sustainable flood mitigation strategy for the village of Carre in the Limpopo basin in Mozambique. A sustainable flood mitigation strategy is a strategy that can be implemented and maintained by a community to reduce the impacts of flooding on the livelihoods of community members.
Carre lies on the lower Limpopo floodplain, and is very vulnerable to floods as it is about 8km from the edge of the floodplain. A series of meetings were held with the community to develop ideas for mitigating the impacts of floods. About 20 ideas were developed, some of which required external support to implement whereas others could be done by the community with external guidance.
Two of the most important mitigation measures, provision of drinking water during floods and pest-resistant seed, were implemented with external support and funding. This was done to help the community deal with some of the most pressing concerns, and stimulate the community to further improvement. The implementation work was carried out in collaboration with the Eduardo Mondlane University, the Department of Health, the Department of Agriculture and the local District Administration.
Sustainable Flood Mitigation Strategies Pilot Study 1, Wallingford, UK: HR Wallingford, 42 pp.