The high rates of child mortality in developing countries today constitute one of the harshest failures of development. It is estimated that about 10 million children die each year before their first birthday and that a fourth of these deaths occur in India (Black et al. 2003). A socioeconomic gradient in mortality has been demonstrated in India and other developing countries (Gwatkin et al. 1999, Wagstaff 2000) and it seems clear that, on average the burden of disease and death is born primarily by poorer people within poorer countries.
Bhalotra, Sonia (2010). Religion and Childhood Death in India: Full Research Report ESRC End of Award Report, RES-167-25-0236. ESRC, Swindon, UK.