This literature review is an initial exploration of the potential contribution of water, sanitation and hygiene service delivery towards peace-building and state-building in conflict-affected and fragile states. The review considers how different pathways for service delivery – namely who delivers services, for whom, and how – can help or hinder state-building and peace-building goals.
The review is structured as follows. Section 1 introduces key concepts, including peace-building, state-building, services, service delivery pathways, and legitimacy. Section 2 explores the possible relationship between services generally, and PB/ SB. Section 3 focuses on the (limited) analysis and evidence for this relationship in the case of WASH service delivery, in particular. Section 4 examines a range of service delivery pathways, and how these might impact on PBSB, with an emphasis on the particular dynamics of WASH as a whole, and its constituent services water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion. With an eye to the development of a diagnostic tool, Section 5 returns to the question of how the relationship between service delivery and peace-building and state-building might be assessed with a view to informing programme design.
Mason, N. Relationships between water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) service delivery and peace-building and state-building. A review of the literature. ODI Working Paper 362. ODI, London, UK (2012) viii + 36 pp. ISBN 978-1-909464-05-6