Access to clean water and improved sanitation is being hindered by
problems of growing demand (due to population growth, rapid
urbanisation, agricultural irrigation and industrial use), changes in
long-term resource availability (arising from climate change and
over-abstraction) and rising costs of resource management and service
provision (higher volumes of wastewater are aggravating purification
Differences persist over how best to improve the provision of water
services in developing countries. There are those who argue that
liberalisation is needed to allow both domestic and foreign private
sector participation and financing. Others see water and sanitation
services as public goods and are concerned that profit motives within
short-term business cycles may not be appropriate, and suggest that
governments redouble efforts to improve access for the poor, supported
by official development assistance.
The European Commission (DG DEV) commissioned this study which maps the
pro-trade versus pro-development interaction in three countries:
Senegal, Mexico and South Africa, all of which were included in the
EU's GATS requests for liberalisation of WSS and where exisitng markets
offer opportunity for analysis in 'live' situations.
This executive summary is accompanied by a full report and separate
report of the Mexico case study.
Relations between the EC development policies and the ongoing EU position in the WTO/GATS negotiations on the liberalisation of water services. Executive summary of final report, Overseas Development Institute (ODI), London, UK, 17 pp.
Relations between the EC development policies and the ongoing EU position in the WTO/GATS negotiations on the liberalisation of water services. Executive summary of final report.