What makes people affected by armed conflict – in particular IDPs, refugees and their hosts – become radicalised? How does humanitarian aid contribute or not? With a particular reference to the Middle East
This report looks at factors that can help to explain why refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) may become militarised or radicalised in some situations and not others. Where available, it makes note of the involvement of humanitarian assistance (although most of this discussion is contained in the section on external factors). There is limited discussion in the literature on the specific role that humanitarian aid has played in these various factors apart from generalities. Factors discussed include socioeconomic conditions, political factors, impact on host communities, geographic factors, and the impact of protracted situations.
Haider, H. Refugee, IDP and host community radicalisation (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 1162). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2014) 16 pp.