Research studies have shown a significant link between non condom use, HIV and gender-based violence. Sex workers’ ability to negotiate condom use with intimate partners is severely compromised by several factors including:
- emotional and sometimes financial dependence on partners
- inequitable power relationships
- violence in intimate relationships
- social norms defining acceptable behaviour and expectations around fidelity, increasing vulnerability to HIV
Studies have also shown that sex workers who experienced violence visited clinics less often, had lower condom use and experienced more condom breakage enhancing the risk of contracting HIV.
This guide is written to help facilitators cum counsellors to conduct activities but also make efforts to influence the intimate partners to make positive changes in their beliefs, attitudes and behaviours and join in the movement to end violence (with special reference to gender-based violence) in their respective villages in an effective manner. It further aims to give the facilitators theoretical information that is required to conduct the sessions.
Different activities and exercises are built into the module to help facilitators engage participants in the process of change.
There is a related resource: Reducing intimate partner violence and increasing condom usage in the HIV/STI response: a facilitator’s guide for training female sex workers
This research is supported by the Department for International Development’s STRIVE Programme which is led by London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Ujjwala Jatkar. Reducing intimate partner violence and increasing condom usage in the HIV/STI Response: A Facilitators’ Guide for Training Intimate Partners of female sex workers. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore (2015) 108p
Published 1 December 2015