Chronic poverty in South Africa, like elsewhere in Africa, is
overwhelmingly understood as a rural phenomonon. This paper seeks to
counter this belief and provides a broad overview of the current issues
and debates around the urbanisation of poverty. Against background
analysis of why apartheid made urban blacks poor and why these patterns
of poverty are being entrenched to create chronic poverty for many
urbanites, the paper sets out a methodology for profiling poverty in 9
South African cities. The objective of generating a baseline poverty
profile is to provide an evolving framework for the ongoing monitoring
of poverty in cities. In particular the methodology of the City
Development Index CDI is explored as a comparative, quanitfiable measure
of urban poverty that provides an appropriate and flexible tool for
Recognising, explaining and measuring chronic urban poverty in South Africa, presented at Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 7-9 April 2003. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 23 pp.
Recognising, explaining and measuring chronic urban poverty in South Africa.