It is difficult to obtain an accurate picture of the migration situation in Somalia. Limitations with the data include varying definitions for different categories of migrants; lack of documentation, particularly for irregular migration; inconsistencies across sources; and limited disaggregation by region. There is a fairly large development practitioner and a medium amount of academic literature on the sources of fragility in Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland. The literature on migration is focused on those travelling to Horn of Africa countries, Yemen and the Middle East. Within the literature there is a strong focus on youth migration.
Avis, W.; Herbert, S. Rapid fragility and migration assessment for Somalia (Rapid Literature Review). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2016) 47 pp.