Large areas of rice fallows (land left fallow after the harvest of rainfed rice) were identified in Nepal during a previous project and preliminary work began in 2001 to test, develop and promote the use of additional crops after rice. A baseline survey of a sample of households during the 2001/2002 rabi season showed that more than 60% of the land used to grow rice was left fallow (Table 1). By the 2003/2004 season, after only two full years of project work, only 20% of the rice land was being left uncropped after the rice harvest. This large increase in cropping intensity is testament to the exceptional skills of the implementing organisation, FORWARD, in social mobilisation and organisation.
Rainfed rabi cropping in rice fallows of Nepal - Summary of impacts