This briefing examines the probability of introduction and transmission of H5N1 HPAIV for the 1-km buffer zone surrounding a compartmentalised (integrated) poultry farm in Thailand. It is concluded that the overall risk for the key pathways was negligible for free-ranging ducks, fertilizer and humans, and very low for wild birds and live poultry. It needs to be recognised though that most of these estimates were associated with significant levels of uncertainty.
HPAI Research Brief No. 13, 2009, 4 pp.