This Briefing considers the question: \"What is the risk of re-introduction of HPAI H5N1 virus into Ghana from neighboring countries (Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Togo) via cross-border trade and movements involving live birds, poultry products, people and fomites?\" A high level of uncertainty associated with the risk estimates developed in this work points to significant gaps in the knowledge of the epidemiology of HPAI in West Africa.
HPAI Research Brief No. 19, 2009. 7 pp.
Qualitative Release Assessment for the Re-Introduction of HPAI H5N1 Virus from Neighboring Countries into Ghana