Background Lateral root (LR) plasticity is a key trait that plays a significant role in plant adaptation to fluctuating soil moisture stressed environments. We previously had demonstrated that promoted LR production (LR plasticity) contributed to the maintenance in shoot dry matter production and grain yield under soil moisture fluctuation (SMF) stress.
Aim To identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with LR plasticity under SMF condition and their contributions to shoot dry matter production.
Methods F2 lines derived from Nipponbare x chromosome segment substituted line number 47 (Nipponbare/Kasalath) backcrosses were used to analyze ten substituted chromosome regions with ‘Kasalath’ allele that are associated with root plasticity under SMF stress.
Results We mapped two closely linked QTLs on chromosome 12 region namely qTLRN-12 at seedling stage and qLLRN-12 at vegetative stage. Under SMF conditions, qTLRN-12 found at the flanking markers between TG154 and RM247 is responsible for the plasticity in total LR number while qLLRN-12 detected at the flanking markers between RM6296 and TG156 is associated with plasticity in L-type LR production. Kasalath genome contributed the corresponding alleles for increasing the mentioned root traits that resulted in a significant increase in shoot dry matter production under SMF stress.
Conclusion We identified two QTLs associated with LR plasticity on chromosome 12 which significantly contributed to the greater root system development and maintenance of total dry matter production under SMF stress.
Niones, J.M.; Inukai, Y.; Suralta, R.R.; Yamauchi, A. QTL associated with lateral root plasticity in response to soil moisture fluctuation stress in rice. Plant and Soil (2015) 391 (1-2) 63-75. [DOI: 10.1007/s11104-015-2404-x]