PRS Review: Uganda Case Study.
This largely desk-based report analyses the extent to which a selection of policies within Uganda's Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP). Uganda has been chosen as a country that fits into the category of countries that has a high proportion of chronically poor people within its population but which can be seen as a relatively good performer in terms of poverty reduction. In discussion with the CPR2 Team, the PEAP policies identified for analysis were the Plan for the Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) and land reform policies with a specific focus on the implications for women. In terms of the CPR2 'Framework for Plausible Policies', PMA can be characterised as a 'growth-based' strategy aimed at addressing the maintainers of poverty. Although the chronic poor do not form an explicit focus for the PMA, there was a perceived need for the PRS reviews to include a central focus on agricultural development policies. Moreover, the PMA is a centre-piece of the ruling regime's long-term strategy of fostering pro-poor forms of structural change within Ugandan economy and society, and as such has a resonance with one of the central themes of CPR2. Our second policy focus, on land reform policies and their implications for women in particular, constitutes an effort to address issues of 'Rights, Culture and Empowerment', a policy area that in turn has close links to the CPR2 theme of securing social justice for the chronically poor. The 1998 Land Act can be seen as being more explicitly relevant to chronic poverty given that it was directly concerned with tenure security for women and orphans, and with issues of gender equity more broadly.
Background Paper for the Chronic Poverty Report 2008-09. Chronic Poverty Research Centre, London, UK, 94 pp.