In Kenya, women are more likely than men to suffer poverty and its associated vulnerabilities, mainly because they are excluded from decision-making on economic issues, they have limited access to the factors of production, particularly land, and traditional customs allocate them undervalued roles and constrain their voice and mobility. Many of the 300,000 non-state actors (NSAs) providing social protection services in the country are helping women deal with these challenges and improve their livelihood. This study sought to find out whether these social protection services were empowering women, expanding their livelihood skills and enhancing their ability to make strategic life choices, which they were previously denied.
The study mapped NSA social protection providers and services in Bondo, Kisii, Kisumu and Siaya districts in Nyanza region, followed by an in-depth survey of selected NSAs and their beneficiaries. Most of the NSA programmes were transforming the lives of poor women and empowering them, particularly the programmes focusing on income generation, access to credit and savings, skills training, and civic education and leadership skills. NSAs need to be supported for effective delivery of their services by coordination of their activities and strengthening of their role in gender sensitive social protection programming. Their anti-poverty programmes could be made more empowering and gender sensitive if the targeted groups were involved in their design and implementation. This would require that the beneficiaries be regarded as active agents of change and equal stakeholders in the social protection programmes’ development processes. It is vital that linkages be established between policy actors for exchange of knowledge and lesson learning, and that investment be made in building capacity for planning and implementation for programme implementers to develop skills that will ensure gender-sensitive programme designs translate into gendersensitive implementation. NSAs can support people facing challenges with practical help, but they can also promote public action to challenge the state to transform laws.
This report was produced as part of a study on the ‘Features, Governance Characteristics
and Policy Implications of Non‐State Social Protection in Africa’, supported by the UK Department
for International Development (DFID) through the Partnership for African Social and Governance
Nzioki, A. and Mwasiaji, W., 2015. Provision of Social Protecon Services by Non‐State Actors in Nyanza Region Kenya: Assessing Women Empowerment, Working Paper 012, PASGR: Kenya
Published 1 November 2015