A lack of access to modern energy services (such as electricity from
solar home systems for lighting, natural gas burned in modern stoves for
cooking and petroleum-based engines for motive power to enable
agro-processing) among the world's poor is widely recognised to have
negative impacts on their health, education and quality of life, further
deepening and entrenching their poverty. This systematic review has been
commissioned in order to \"neutrally collect, critically appraise and
synthesise\" the evidence provided in the literature on barriers to the
use of modern energy services among the world's poorest people, and
interventions to remove those barriers. The review will focus on
sub-Saharan Africa, searches will be conducted in as broad a manner as
possible in order to capture lessons learned from lower-middle income
countries in other parts of the world. This document sets out the
research protocol that will be used to collect, analyse and synthesise
the available evidence.
The following sub-research questions immediately fall out of the
primary, overarching question.
- What are the different types of modern energy services, and associated
technologies for their delivery and/or use, which are used, or could
be used, by the world's poorest people?
- What are the major economic, technical, political, cultural and social
barriers to the use of modern energy services, and associated
technologies, amongst the world's poorest people? What criteria are
used to define a 'major' barrier?
- What are the different types of interventions that have been used to
promote or increase uptake of modern energy services and technologies?
What are their characteristics and outcomes?
- What are the different measures of effectiveness which are used to
assess the interventions and how do these vary depending on the
intervention, the modern energy service and the relevant barriers in
This review will concentrate on modern energy services other than cooking, as another research team has been commissioned by DFID to conduct a systematic review to understand the specific issues related to cooking.
The systemetic review for this protocol has been published
CEE protocol 11-004, Collaboration for Environmental Evidence, 21 pp.