This article serves as an introduction to a series of papers in a thematic issue of Economic and Political Weekly that analyse the sociological and political relevance of the Employment Guarantee Scheme (EGS) implemented in Maharashtra over the last three decades, from the 1970s to the present. It is argued that the programme is unique among all the poverty alleviation schemes because it is designed to ensure empowerment and mobilisation of people to demand work and over the course of its implementation it has become co-opted by landed interests.
S. Patel. Programme 2: Mobilising Public Action. Empowerment, Co-option and Domination. Politics of Maharashtra ‘s Employment Guarantee Scheme. Economic and Political Weekly (2006) 41 (50) 5126-5132.