This article discusses the relationship between political representation and democratic reform, presenting both analytic displacements from the approaches focused on the political system and the reshuffling of representation, and the omissions in the literature on deepening democracy. Recent theoretical and practical innovations, which bring about much thinking on the future of representation, seem to assemble elements that supersede the limits of the liberal understanding and practice of political representation. Out of the critical rescue of the idea of \"virtual representation\", the authors suggest an agenda of democratic reform that could be able to account for those innovations.
Gurza Lavalle, A.; Houzager, P.; Castello, G. Democracia, Pluralização da Representação e Sociedade Civil. [Democracy, pluralization of representation and civil society]. Lua Nova : Revista de Cultura e Política (2006) 67: 49-103. [In Portugese, with English summary].
Programme 2: Mobilising Public Action. Democracia, Pluralização da Representação e Sociedade Civil. [Democracy, pluralization of representation and civil society].