The specific purpose of the DFID-funded Pro-Poor HPAI Risk Reduction Project is to promote evidence-based, pro-poor HPAI control measures at national and international levels. With that aim in mind, this document provides a brief economic overview of Thailand; a description of the country's poultry sector, and a review of the course of HPAI and applied control measures, with their concomitant impacts on livelihoods, the poultry sector and the economy at large.
The document is divided into six sections. The first section deals with Thailand's economy, population, labour force, agriculture and livestock sector. The second section deals with its poultry industry, specifically chicken and duck production systems, as well as marketing and trade. The third section is dedicated to the role of poultry in rural livelihoods, their contribution to income and nutrition as well as consumer preferences for poultry meats. The fourth section reviews the course of the HPAI epidemic in Thailand and the structure of the national animal health systems and instituted control measures. The fifth section attempts to systematically compile the available information on the direct and indirect impacts of HPAI and HPAI control measures. Finally, the last section provides some concluding observations.
Mekong Team Working Paper No. 4, 54 pp.