Population dynamics, delta vulnerability and environmental change: comparison of the Mekong, Ganges-Brahmaputra and Amazon delta regions

This study provides an overview of population trends and dynamics in the Ganges–Brahmaputra, Mekong and Amazon deltas

Abstract

Tropical delta regions are at risk of multiple threats including relative sea level rise and human alterations, making them more and more vulnerable to extreme floods, storms, surges, salinity intrusion, and other hazards which could also increase in magnitude and frequency with a changing climate. Given the environmental vulnerability of tropical deltas, understanding the interlinkages between population dynamics and environmental change in these regions is crucial for ensuring efficient policy planning and progress toward social and ecological sustainability.

Here, we provide an overview of population trends and dynamics in the Ganges–Brahmaputra, Mekong and Amazon deltas. Using multiple data sources, including census data and Demographic and Health Surveys, a discussion regarding the components of population change is undertaken in the context of environmental factors affecting the demographic landscape of the three delta regions.

This research was supported by the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme

Citation

Szabo, S., Brondizio, E., Renaud, F.G. et al. Sustainability Science (2016) 11: 539. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-016-0372-6

Population dynamics, delta vulnerability and environmental change: comparison of the Mekong, Ganges-Brahmaputra and Amazon delta regions

Published 26 May 2016