Mediation efforts between the ‘maras’ in El Salvador have led to a significant reduction in homicide rates. What other policy responses to gang and criminal violence, including but not limited to formal and informal mediation efforts, exist in Latin America and the Caribbean? What lessons can the donor community learn from them?
Combatting the threat posed by transnational and domestic criminal organisations has become a critical concern of governments throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Ideas of how to reduce crime and organised violence in this region vary between those who advocate for state-security led approaches and those who argue for approaches that tackle the causes of crime and the factors that incentivise people to engage in risky behaviour. Policy responses in Latin America and the Caribbean have been implemented at a range of levels, from local to regional, and have involved a range of different actors.
Bakrania, S. Policy responses to criminal violence in Latin America and the Caribbean (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 934). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2013) 14 pp.