Agriculture is both victim and villain in respect of climate change. Victim because most estimates indicate that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity, production stability and incomes in some areas that already have high levels of food insecurity. Villain because agriculture is a key source for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet agriculture may also be part of the climate change solution: there is a considerable, albeit uncertain, technical potential for carbon storage in soils, particularly in developing countries. This briefing paper aims to unscramble the various issues around agriculture which have become conflated in the climate negotiations and outline what is formally being sought in negotiation texts under the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) and assess whether this is a useful route, and what other courses might be possible.
Hedger, M. Policy Brief No. 43. Agriculture and climate change in the UN climate negotiations. FAC, Brighton, UK (2012) 12 pp.