The Limpopo River Basin of Southern Africa transcends four countries namely, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. The area is characterized by poor and unreliable rainfall, frequent droughts and periodic flooding in some parts. As a result, smallholder farmers living in the basin fail to produce enough food and are perennially food insecure. The basin is also faced with other challenges posed by HIV and AIDS and these factors impact negatively on household labour and well being (ICRISAT, Baseline Survey Report, 2007).
The Challenge Program on Water and Food Project Number One “Increased food security and income in the Limpopo Basin through integrated crop, water and soil fertility options and public-private partnerships” was established in the Limpopo Basin to address problems of food and environmental insecurity. The project intended to achieve this by increasing crop water productivity while saving water for other users and the environment (Mgonja et al, 2006). The purpose of the project was to increase sustainable crop and water productivity and market access of smallholder farmers in the Limpopo Basin by developing and promoting technologies through public-private partnerships.
The CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food, Colombo, Sri Lanka. 86 pp.