Despite an existing information gap in scientific evidence regarding the
effects of future changes in climate patterns and options for the
future, the community-based adaptation process should nevertheless be
initiated. This requires community involvement through participatory
planning in order to make use of local experiences and knowledge.
The existing technologies at the community level, and among researchers
supporting communities in undertaking adaptations to climate change, are
currently inadequately disseminated. While the generation of additional
technologies is regarded as a priority in the long term, transfer of
already available technologies to the user community should be the
The local adaptation plan of action (LAPA) is an effective means to
mainstream adaptation options in national and local governmental plans,
and to support local communities in planning for adaptation. Although
the initial costs of defining this methodology are high, they will
decrease as soon as it is evolved and scaled up. Hence, the adaptation
costs and resulting benefits will also remain at the local level.
The majority of the adaptation actions identified for the hill farming
system in Nepal are long-term actions. In order to achieve
sustainability, the adaptation actions should not be part of any project
or one-time investment, but must be integrated into the regular
agricultural development process.
Adaptation priorities for the hill farming system of Nepal mainly
incorporate improved practices for integrated soil, land, hedgerow and
water management – for instance, through water harvesting and
small-scale irrigation measures.
Paudel, B.; Tamang, B.B.; Lamsal, K.; Paudel, P. Planning and costing of agricultural adaptation in the integrated hill farming systems of Nepal. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK (2011) 48 pp.
Planning and costing of agricultural adaptation in the integrated hill farming systems of Nepal.