This study aims to investigate adaptation requirements and their cost
implications in the context of coastal agriculture in Bangladesh. Work
shows that the various stakeholders in Bangladesh are aware of climate
change and its adverse impacts on agricultural production, and are
therefore currently trying to embed adaptation into policy and long-term
planning documents. The study also indicates that extension workers are
active in promoting technological advances for adaptive practices.
Research agencies in Bangladesh are also up to date and in the process
of developing methods and varieties for climate change adaptation. Many
of the existing adaptive varieties and farming techniques were developed
by local research agencies.
The claims of institutional stakeholders have been supported by local
farmers, who already practise adaptation measures through using
saline-resistant crops, better farming techniques, and different forms
of irrigation. Farmers and stakeholders unanimously agree on the urgent
need to excavate canals to resist salinity. The cost of using adaptive
varieties is similar to that of traditional rice varieties, which makes
the use of adaptive varieties an imperative for the future.
Another point emphasised by the stakeholders and farmers is the need for
training. In order to achieve benchmarks for adaptation in the coastal
zone, capacity building for agricultural staff and farmers has to be
simultaneously improved. Furthermore, additional funding needs to be
allocated to the relevant stakeholder institutions so that adaptation
measures can be effectively implemented and scaled up further.
Mainuddin, K.; Rahman, A.; Islam, N.; Quasem, S. Planning and costing agriculture&#8217;s adaptation to climate change in the salinity-prone cropping system of Bangladesh. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK (2011) 71 pp.
Planning and costing agriculture’s adaptation to climate change in the salinity-prone cropping system of Bangladesh.