What factors are discouraging or encouraging piracy in the Horn of Africa, West Africa and the Strait of Malacca? This report finds that a combination of factors in each of the regions have affected levels of piracy, at different times and depending on the type of piracy. For example, these factors may differ for subsistence pirates (largely gangs made up of part-timers who are often poor and seeking an alternative source of income) and professional pirates (hierarchically organised syndicates with well-developed logistical chains).
Rohwerder, B. Piracy in the Horn of Africa, West Africa and the Strait of Malacca. GSDRC Literature Review Report 1397. GSDRC, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2016) 44p