This report provides an overview of recent developments in photovoltaics
(PV) efficiencies, production costs, and deployment and discusses how
these advances created the potential for photovoltaics to become a major
contributor in energy markets throughout the world. Specifically the
report deals with the following topics: (a) PV market evolution; (b)
photovoltaic materials and devices; (c) PV manufacturing present status
and prospects; (d) efficiency advancements for current and evolving
technologies; (e) sustainability and life cycle assessments, and (f) the
The technologies described in this report are crystalline silicon
(c-Si), amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), copper
indium gallium diselenide (CIGS), copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS),
dye-sensitized solar cells, and organic photovoltaics (OPV).
Fthenakis, V. Photovoltaics: Present Status and Future Prospects. Columbia University, New York, USA (2012) 56 pp.
Photovoltaics: Present Status and Future Prospects