This report provides an overview of recent developments in photovoltaics (PV) efficiencies, production costs, and deployment and discusses how these advances created the potential for photovoltaics to become a major contributor in energy markets throughout the world. Specifically the report deals with the following topics: (a) PV market evolution; (b) photovoltaic materials and devices; (c) PV manufacturing present status and prospects; (d) efficiency advancements for current and evolving technologies; (e) sustainability and life cycle assessments, and (f) the intermittency challenge.
The technologies described in this report are crystalline silicon (c-Si), amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS), copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS), dye-sensitized solar cells, and organic photovoltaics (OPV).
Fthenakis, V. Photovoltaics: Present Status and Future Prospects. Columbia University, New York, USA (2012) 56 pp.