Patterns and Drivers of Internal Migration Among Youth in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

This study examines prevalence, frequency, timing, reasons of migration, employment at destination, well-being and aspirations

Abstract

There is general consensus in literature on migration that migrants are primarily young people. During the transition to adulthood, young people make important choices regarding education, labour force participation, and family formation.

Using a unique panel dataset on youth born in 1994-95 in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam, this working paper investigates how life-course transitions to adulthood relate to patterns and predictors of internal migration in low- and middle-income countries. It documents patterns on prevalence, frequency, timing, reasons and streams of migration, employment at destination, subjective well-being, and migration aspirations. The paper then describes the factors associated with young men and women’s decision to migrate, and the reasons for migrating.

Young Lives is an international study of childhood poverty, following the lives of 12,000 children in 4 countries (Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam) over 15 years. Young Lives is funded by the UK Department for International Development

Citation

Franco Gavonel, Maria (2017) Patterns and Drivers of Internal Migration Among Youth in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Young Lives Working Paper 169. Oxford: Young Lives

Patterns and Drivers of Internal Migration Among Youth in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

Published 1 March 2017